Text & photography by David Kennedy
In 2013, the diesels are coming! Our industry is poised to see more diesel-powered vehicles for sale in the United States than we've had since 1985. Of the dozen new diesels we expect to be able to purchase, the one powerplant we're most excited to see is the 3.0L V-6 Jeep is going to offer in the '13 Grand Cherokee. Why are we so excited about an engine made by the 65-year-old Italian company VM Motori? Well, there are rumors this diesel may also find its way into other Chrysler products, including the Ram 1500.
That's significant because the more vehicles this engine can be adapted to, the cheaper the per-engine cost becomes. Oh, and we should mention one other thing: Fiat (Chrysler's parent company) owns a 50 percent stake in VM Motori. So Chrysler should be able to keep the costs of this high-tech engine down to a level we can all afford.
No doubt some of you are now asking, "Who owns the other 50 percent?" General Motors does. Could that mean this engine may end up in GM products like the Silverado ½-ton? We think it may. Now you see why we're so excited.
Unfortunately, no one at Chrysler or GM can talk about future products on the record. So we've never been able to see or drive a vehicle with this 3.0L V-6. That is, until we got a call from Gale Banks Engineering's Banks Powertrain division. Banks has been working directly with VM Motori to engineer its own version of the 3.0L, codenamed the Gale Banks 630T, for use in military and other specialty-use applications. Needless to say, we grabbed our cameras and headed over to Banks' Azusa, California, facility. Check out what we saw.
Inside The Gale Banks 630T V-6 Diesel
DISPLACEMENT: 3.0L (182 ci)
CONFIGURATION: 60-degree, even-fire V-6
ENGINE WEIGHT: 498 pounds
BORE AND STROKE: 83 mm x 92 mm (3.26 in. x 3.62 in.)
COMPRESSION RATIO: 16.5:1
ENGINE BLOCK: Compacted-graphite iron (CGI) casting that weighs 159 pounds, featuring four 14mm head bolts per cylinder
BEDPLATE: A one-piece, 35-pound assembly retains the crankshaft and ties the bottom of the block together with six 12mm bolts per main bearing
CRANKSHAFT: Forged 4140 steel with 74mm (2.91 in.) main bearing journals and 67.5mm (2.66 in.) connecting rod journals, externally balanced
CYLINDER HEAD: Aluminum castings with four valves per cylinder
VALVETRAIN: Dual overhead camshafts (DOHC) with roller finger followers and hydraulic lash adjustment
VALVE SIZE: 28.5mm (1.12 in.) intake, 25.4mm (1.00 in.) exhaust
BASE POWER RATING: 221 to 268 hp at 4,000 rpm
BASE TORQUE OUTPUT: 369 to 421 lb-ft at 2,000 rpm
MAXIMUM ENGINE SPEED: 4,800 rpm
FUEL SYSTEM: Bosch common-rail injection with a CP4.2 pump and CRIN 3.4 solenoid injectors capable of running up to 29,000 psi (2,000 bar) and seven injection events
TURBOCHARGER: Electronically controlled variable geometry with water-cooled ball-bearing cartridge in high-power applications
Download a spec sheet for the Gale Banks 630T here »